William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616)[a] was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.[1] He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "The Bard"). His surviving works consist of 38 plays,[b] 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.[2]

Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, who bore him three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592 he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of the playing company the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.[3]

Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1590 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the sixteenth century. Next he wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest examples in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights. Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy during his lifetime, and in 1623 two of his former theatrical colleagues published the First Folio, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the plays now recognised as Shakespeare's.

Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the nineteenth century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare's genius, and the Victorians hero-worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called "bardolatry".[4] In the twentieth century, his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are consistently performed and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 - 23 April 1616, di Stratford-upon-Avon, Inggris) adalah seorang penulis Inggris yang seringkali disebut orang sebagai salah satu sastrawan terbesar Inggris. Ia menulis sekitar 38 sandiwara tragedi, komedi, sejarah, dan 154 sonata, 2 puisi naratif, dan puisi-puisi yang lain. Ia menulis antara tahun 1585 dan 1613 dan karyanya telah diterjemahkan di hampir semua bahasa hidup di dunia dan dipentaskan di panggung lebih daripada semua penulis sandiwara yang lain.

Daftar karya


* Romeo and Juliet

* Macbeth

* King Lear

* Hamlet

* Othello

* Titus Andronicus

* Julius Caesar

* Antony and Cleopatra

* Coriolanus

* Troilus and Cressida

* Timon of Athens


* The Comedy of Errors

* All's Well That Ends Well

* As You Like It

* A Midsummer Night's Dream

* Much Ado About Nothing

* Measure for Measure

* The Tempest

* Taming of the Shrew

* Twelfth Night, or What You Will

* The Merchant of Venice

* The Merry Wives of Windsor

* Love's Labour's Lost

* The Two Gentlemen of Verona

* Pericles Prince of Tyre

* Cymbeline

* The Winter's Tale


* Richard III

* Richard II

* Henry VI, part 1

* Henry VI, part 2

* Henry VI, part 3

* Henry V

* Henry IV, part 1

* Henry IV, part 2

* Henry VIII

* King John


* Shakespeare's Sonnets

* Venus and Adonis

* The Rape of Lucrece

* The Passionate Pilgrim

* The Phoenix and the Turtle

* A Lover's Complaint

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Endik Koeswoyo
Endik Koeswoyo Scriptwriter. Freelance Writer. Indonesian Author. Novel. Buku. Skenario. Film. Tv Program. Blogger. Vlogger. Farmer

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